Craton Stability: What’s Thickness (and shape) Got To Do With It.

Katie Cooper (Washington State University)

08-Oct-2020, 02:00-03:00 (4 years ago)


Figure: Image of Depth to Lithosphere Asthenosphere Boundary in kilometers from Cooper et al., 2017. Shades of blue correspond depth with darker colors corresponding to deeper estimates of the lithosphere asthenosphere boundary.

Thick lithosphere is a first-order characteristic of cratons. Though discussions around craton stability primarily focus on buoyancy and rheology, thickness also plays a primary control on both the long-lived nature of of stable cratons and the demise of destroyed cratons. In other words, craton stability is determined, in part, by the material properties of cratonic lithosphere, which set controls on composition and rheology, its thermal structure, and its relative strength in comparison to the material around it and the mantle below. The integrated strength of the cratonic lithosphere, which determines its relative stability, depends on its thickness. Correspondingly, the shape of a craton (or how its thickness varies over a lateral extent) should also play a role in its overall stability. In this talk, I will summarize the connections between craton thickness and (in)stability, the limits on craton thickness, and the consequences of long-lived, thick lithosphere. Finally, I will present new work demonstrating the stability of cratons also depends on their shape.

study of the earth’s deep interiortectonophysics

Audience: researchers in the discipline

( video )

ANU Research School of Earth Sciences school seminar

Series comments: The ANU Research School of Earth Sciences seminar series regularly features academics, students, and researchers from Australia and around the world to present topics covering the entire range of earth sciences.

The seminars are held in the Jaeger 1 Seminar Room at RSES on Thursdays at 3 pm and also broadcast on zoom ( ID: 606-666-0101, lightly protected via a password "jaeger" ). They are open to the ANU community and public. Talks will generally be made available on the RSES Seminar website in the days following the seminar.

Organizers: Jinyin Hu, Thanh-Son Pham, Laura Otter, Penny King*, Adele Morrison*
Curator: RSES Seminar Committee
*contact for this listing

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